In most traditions the God of the Sun is male, but this isn't always the case. Occasionally the Sun God is the consort of an Earthmother or Mother Goddess as he may also be a Father God or King of the Gods. In many cased the Sun God is also a God of Prophecy since he/she can see far and wide and if can't tell you the future, he at least can tell you what he's seen on his travels. The Sun God may also be involved with death and rebirth, as the sun seems to die at the end of the day and be reborn in the morning, or simply because he travels through the underworld at night when he does not appear in the heavens.
Apollo - Apollo is the ancient Greek God of light, enlightenment, prophecy, plague, medicine, archery, poetry, dance, reason and herds or flocks.
Aten - Aten was associated with the Sun God Ra. He is imaged as a golden disk with descending rays ending in hands. During the reign of Akhenaten, Aten was made King of the Gods and there was a movement toward a sort of Monotheism in Egypt. It didn't go over well.
Lucifer - Few names stir up as much controversy as that of Lucifer, a minor Latin God associated with the dawn star, or Venus, herald of the Goddess of the Dawn whose singular appearance in the Bible in Isaiah 14:12 which says "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!" has forever branded His equivalent to the Christian Devil. This misunderstanding, as so many in the Christian Bible, comes from a translation issue from the Hebrew to Greek to Latin1.
Nuada - Nuada Airgetlám of the Silver Hand (Also spelled Nuadu, Nuadha, Airgeadlámh) was the God-King of the Tuatha Dé Danann before they came to Ireland and for some time after.
Ra - Ra is the ancient Egyptian God of the sun. He is swallowed every night by Nut and reborn again every morning. Alternatively he travels through the underworld at night. In the Underworld he is imaged as a man with the head of a ram. In the upper world he is imaged as a man with the head of a hawk crowned by a sun disk.
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