The Wheel of the Year is the cycle of seasons as celebrated by several groups of NeoPagans particularly Wiccans, Druids and other groups that have Celtic roots. The Wheel of the Year is made up of 8 observances, known among Wiccans as Sabbats. Although their names and other specifics may vary by tradition, the Wheel of the Year Sabbats are Yule or Midwinter, Imbolc, Ostara, Beltane, Midsummer or Litha, Lammas or Lughnassadh, Mabon, and Samhain.

Dates of the Wheel of the Year Sabbats

The wheel has eight spokes, the four quarter days or Lesser Sabbats are marked by the Equinoxes and the Solstices. These occur on the 20th, 21st or 22nd of their month.

Yule or Midwinter is the Winter Solstice in December in the Northern Hemisphere and June in the Southern Hemisphere. It is usually marked on any standard Gregorian calendar as The First Day of Winter or the Winter Solstice.

Litha or Midsummer is the Summer Solstice in June in the Northern Hemisphere and in December in the Southern Hemisphere, usually marked as the Summer Solstice or The First Day of Summer on standard calendars.

Ostara is the Spring Equinox in March in the Northern Hemisphere and September in the Southern Hemisphere. It is usually marked as such or as The First Day of Spring on any standard calendar.

Finally, Mabon, also known as Harvest Home or Harvest, or simply the Autumn Equinox, takes place in September in the Northern Hemisphere or March in the Southern Hemisphere. This is usually marked on a standard calendar as The First Day of Autumn or Fall.

The four Greater Sabbats, also known as the Cross Quarter Days are approximately halfway between the Quarter Days. The modern fixed days of each of these is usually the first day of the month in which it falls and these are usually two-day festivals beginning the evening before.

Samhain is November 1-2 in the Northern Hemisphere, May in the Southern Hemisphere.
Beltane is May 1 in the Northern Hemisphere or November in the Southern Hemisphere
Lughnassadh, Lammas or First Harvest is August 1 in the Northern Hemisphere, February in the Southern Hemisphere
Imbolc is February 1-2 in the Northern Hemisphere, August in the Southern Hemisphere.

Some people calculate these dates astrologically so they can be even a week or more off but most groups that do public rituals stick to the calendar dates for simplicity. If you're interested in the astrological calculations, you should visit the detail pages for those festivals.

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