The word "planet" comes from the Greek meaning wanderer. There are 8 planets and at least five dwarf planets in our solar system. In astrology, each planet has its own personality and affect on individuals and societies based on its location in an astrological chart.
Planets were first recorded and studied in ancient Babylon and the oldest surviving astronomical text is the Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa written in the 7th century BCE. The Enuma anu enlil, written during the Neo Assyrian period of the 7th century BCE details various omens, including the movements of the planets and what they presaged. This, and similar ideas, may be the roots of modern astrology. At this time, only five planets were as yet identified.
For the purposes of astrology, the moon and sun are also identified as planets although they are more properly referred to as luminaries.
Earth -The planet Earth, also called by its Latin name Terra, is the only planet in our solar system known to support life. It is the third planet from the Sun and the fifth largest. It is also the densest of all of the planets in our solar system.
Mars -Mars is the ruling planet of Aries and, before the discovery of Pluto, it was universally considered the ruler of Scorpio. Most modern astrologers consider Pluto the ruler of Scorpio, but many regard Mars as a co-ruler, while all traditional astrologers still regard Mars as the only ruler of Scorpio.
Mercury -Mercury is the planet closest to the sun in our solar system. It is also the smallest planet in the solar system, assuming you accept Pluto's recent demotion to dwarf planet. Mercury orbits the sun once every 88 days. It is bright, but difficult to see because of its proximity to the sun. Look for it in the morning and evening twilight.
Moon -The Moon is the ruling planet of Cancer and monday and is related to the element of water. In Roman mythology the Moon was represented by Diana, the hunter goddess. In Greek Mythology the Moon was the Goddess Selene, but later became identified with Artemis. In modern Paganism, the Greek Goddess Hecate has also been associated with the moon.
Neptune -Neptune is the eighth furthest planet from the sun in our solar system, the fourth largest in diameter and the third most massive. The planet is named after the Roman God of the Sea, Neptune.
Pluto -Pluto was discovered in 1930 and named by an 11 year old girl named Venetia Burney. Until 2006, Pluto was considered the 9th planet from the sun (although this isn't always the case as its rotation sometimes brings it closer to the sun than Neptune). In 2006, however, astronomers reclassified Pluto as a dwarf planet. This doesn't stop most astrologers from continuing to view Pluto as the ruling planet of Scorpio.
1Saturn is the ruling planet of Capricorn and, traditionally, Aquarius. In Roman lore Saturn was the god of agriculture founder of civilizations and of social order and conformity. The glyph is most often seen as scythe-like but it is primarily known as the "crescent below the cross", whereas Jupiter's glyph is the "crescent above the cross". The famous rings of the planet Saturn that enclose and surround it, reflect this principle of man's limitations. Saturn takes 29.5 years to orbit the sun, spending about 2.46 years in each sign of the zodiac.
Sun -The sun is the center of and the largest object in our solar system. It contains more than 99% of the total mass of our solar system. It is 1,390,000 km in diameter and has a mass of 1.989e30 kg. The temperature of the sun is 5800K on the surface and 15,600,000K at the core. It is made up mostly of hydrogen and helium.
Uranus -For some modern Western astrologers, the planet Uranus is the ruling planet of Aquarius. In Greek mythology Uranus (Ouranos) was the personification of the heavens and the night sky. The planet Uranus is very unusual among the planets in that it rotates on its side, so that it presents each of its poles to the sun in turn during its orbit, so that one hemisphere is bathed in light, while the other lies in total darkness. These strange traits reflect its astrological significance as the breaker of convention.
Venus -The Planet Venus has been given many names throughout history. It has been called the evening and the morning star, the dawn star, Eosphorus, Hesperus and Lucifer. It is the planet closest to Earth and has been called Earth's sister planet, even her twin. It is easily seen in the sky in the evening and morning and is the brightest "star" in the heavens. It was second only to the sun and the moon in significance by the reckoning of many ancient cultures.
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